Stress and coping in a sample of medical students in Brazil

Document title: Stress and coping in a sample of medical students in Brazil
Journal: Archives of clinical psychiatry
System number: 000409854
Authors: 1
Institutions: 1Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. Brasil
Season: Ene-Feb
Volumen: 42
Number: 1
Pages: 1-5
Country: Brasil
Language: Inglés
Document type: Estadística o encuesta
Approach: Analítico
English abstract Medical training is a stressing situation, making medical students vulnerable to psychiatric disorders, such as depression and anxiety. Objective The study aimed to assess the prevalence of stress and coping in students of a public medical school in Brazil, comparing the groups from the first and sixth years of training. Methods Through a cross-sectional, observational study, a sample of 232 first and sixth-year regularly registered medical students has been evaluated. Students filled a socio-demographic questionnaire, the Lipp Inventory of Stress Symptoms (ISSL), and the Coping Strategies Inventory (CSI). Results From the total sample of 232 students, 110 were first-year students and 122 sixth-year students. Stress symptoms were significantly higher in first-year students (49.1%) than in the sixth-year group (33.6%; p = 0.018). Variables significantly associated with stress were: year of the training (1st year > 6th year), income (lower > higher income), satisfaction with the training (dissatisfied > satisfied) and the use of escape/avoidance copying strategy (positive association). Discussion Considering the higher stress symptoms among first-year medical students and the positive association of the escape/avoidance copying strategy with stress, strategies must be developed to enable students starting medical school to be better at coping with this stressful situations
Disciplines: Medicina
Keyword: Psiquiatría,
Salud pública,
Educación superior,
Estudiantes de medicina,
Estrategias de enfrentamiento,
Adaptación psicológica
Keyword: Medicine,
Public health,
Higher education,
Medical students,
Coping strategies,
Psychological adjustment
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