Bacteriocins as an alternative in the treatment of infections by Staphylococcus aureus

Título del documento: Bacteriocins as an alternative in the treatment of infections by Staphylococcus aureus
Revista: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias
Base de datos: PERIÓDICA
Número de sistema: 000436005
ISSN: 0001-3765
Autores: 1
Instituciones: 1Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine. Francia
2Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Brasil
3Institute of Integrative Omics and Applied Biotechnology, Centre for Genomics and Applied Gene Technology, Purba Mednipur, West Bengal. India
4Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Computer Science, Richmond, Virginia. Estados Unidos de América
Volumen: 92
País: Brasil
Idioma: Inglés
Tipo de documento: Artículo
Enfoque: Analítico, descriptivo
Resumen en inglés Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a highly versatile Gram-positive bacterium that is carried asymptomatically by up to 30% of healthy people, while being a major cause of healthcare-associated infections, making it a worldwide problem in clinical medicine. The adaptive evolution of S. aureus strains is demonstrated by its remarkable capacity to promptly develop high resistance to multiple antibiotics, thus limiting treatment choice. Nowadays, there is a continuous demand for an alternative to the use of antibiotics for S. aureus infections and a strategy to control the spread or to kill phylogenetically related strains. In this scenario, bacteriocins fit as with a promising and interesting alternative. These molecules are produced by a range of bacteria, defined as ribosomally synthesized peptides with bacteriostatic or bactericidal activity against a wide range of pathogens. This work reviews ascertained the main antibiotic-resistance mechanisms of S. aureus strains and the current, informative content concerning the applicability of the use of bacteriocins overlapping the use of conventional antibiotics in the context of S. aureus infections. Besides, we highlight the possible application of these biomolecules on an industrial scale in future work
Disciplinas: Medicina
Palabras clave: Microbiología,
Resistencia a antibióticos,
Staphylococcus aureus
Keyword: Microbiology,
Staphylococcus aureus,
Antibiotic resistance,
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