Quantitative measurement of impairment in ADHD: perspectives for research and clinical practice

Título del documento: Quantitative measurement of impairment in ADHD: perspectives for research and clinical practice
Revista: Archives of clinical psychiatry
Base de datos: PERIÓDICA
Número de sistema: 000380329
ISSN: 1806-938X
Autors: 1
Institucions: 1Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Clinical Neuropsychology, Amsterdam. Países Bajos
Volum: 41
Número: 5
Paginació: 124-130
País: Brasil
Idioma: Inglés
Tipo de documento: Artículo
Enfoque: Analítico, descriptivo
Resumen en inglés Functional impairment is needed to make an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis, but there is a paucity of instruments addressing this issue. Objective Perform psychometric analysis of a functional impairment scale (FIE). Methods A sample of 320 individuals, including ADHD probands, their siblings and parents, filled the FIE. We analyzed psychometric properties for the entire sample and age groups. Factor structure was determined by a principal component factor analysis, using oblique rotation with Kaiser normalization and Eigenvalues higher than 1. Cronbach’s alpha and Spearman-Brown were calculated. Results Family analysis revealed four components: a) “family life”, b) “self-perception”, c) “performance” and d) “social life”. Adults’ analysis revealed two components: a) “family life, social life and self-perception” and b) “performance”. Children showed the domains: a) “performance and social life”, b) “self-perception” and c) “family life” components. Cronbach’s alpha were above 0.9 in all components. Discussion Results revealed up to four domains depending on the group considered. Different life demands might explain the variability of domains on the groups
Disciplines Medicina
Paraules clau: Psiquiatría,
Trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad,
Discapacidad funcional,
Escalas de evaluación
Keyword: Medicine,
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder,
Functional impairment,
Assessment scales
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