Altitudinal variation in butterfly community associated with climate and vegetation

Título del documento: Altitudinal variation in butterfly community associated with climate and vegetation
Revista: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias
Base de datos: PERIÓDICA
Número de sistema: 000435992
ISSN: 0001-3765
Autors: 1
Institucions: 1Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Departamento de Genetica, Ecologia e Evolucao, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Brasil
2Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservacao da Biodiversidade, Brasilia, Distrito Federal. Brasil
3Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Ecologia de Biomas Tropicais, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais. Brasil
4Universidade de Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia, Sao Paulo. Brasil
5Universidade Federal do Parana, Departamento de Zoologia, Curitiba, Parana. Brasil
6Universidade Estadual de Montes Claros, Departamento de Biologia Geral, Montes Claros, Minas Gerais. Brasil
7Centro Universitario UNA, Instituto de Ciencias Biologicas e Saude, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. Brasil
Volum: 92
País: Brasil
Idioma: Inglés
Tipo de documento: Artículo
Enfoque: Analítico, descriptivo
Resumen en inglés Elevation creates a variety of physical conditions in a relatively short distance, which makes mountains suitable for studying the effects of climate change on biodiversity. We investigated the importance of climate and vegetation for the distribution of butterflies from 800 to 1400 m elevation. We sampled butterflies, and woody and rosette plants and measured air temperature and humidity, wind speed and gust, and solar radiation. We partitioned diversity to assess the processes underlying community shifts across altitudes – species loss versus replacement. We assessed the strength of the association among butterfly, vegetation, and climate. Butterfly richness and abundance decreased with altitude, and species composition changed along the elevation. Changes in butterfly composition with altitude were mainly through species replacement and by abundance increases in some species being compensated by decreases in others. Since the floristic diversity decreased with altitude due to soil conditions, and butterflies are closely related to their host plants, this could explain species replacement with altitude. Overall, we found a stronger association of butterfly community with vegetation than climate, but plant community and climate were also strongly associated between them. Butterfly richness was more strongly associated with plant richness than with temperature, while the reverse was true for butterfly abundance, which was more strongly associated with temperature than with plant richness. We must consider the complementary roles of resource and conditions in species distribution
Disciplines Biología
Paraules clau: Insectos,
Gradiente altitudinal,
Distribución vertical,
Keyword: Insects,
Altitudinal gradient,
Vertical distribution,
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